Bokuto Ni Yoru Kendo Kihon-waza Keiko-ho
Lesson Glossary
Aiyumi-ashi – Footwork technique that is the same as a
natural walking steps.

Bokuto – a wooden facsimile of a sword used as a training
implement in the practice of kendo.

Chudan-no-kamae – The on-guard position with the shinai
held in the center position with the tip projecting to the
opponent’s throat.

Datotsu-bu – The valid point areas.

Debana waza - The technique of striking at the moment the
opponent begins an attack.

Harai - The technique of upsetting an opponent’s kamae by
striking their sword off-center in the same movement of the
upward swing of an attack.  

Hiki waza – The technique of stepping backward to strike an
opponent.

Issoku-itto-no-maai - One step striking distance.  From this
distance, a single step forward will be sufficient to strike the
datotsu-bu (target area) with the mono-uchi (first third of the
sword length).

Kaburi – Overhead swing of the sword that is the initial
movement of striking an opponent.

Kaeshi waza – The technique where the sword of the
aggressor is blocked with the shinogi of one’s own sword
and a counter attack executed immediately after.   

Kakarite – The practitioner who is active in
executing/practicing movements and strikes.

Kamae – On-guard posture.

Kamae Otoku – The lowed, neutral position of the swords,
which allows paired combatants/practitioners to mutually
retreat.

Kata – Japanese sword

Keiko – Practice, training

Kiai – The shout.  The vocalized expression of spirit.

Kihon – Basics, Fundamentals.

Ki-Ken-Tai-no-Ichi - synchronization of the kiai, the strike, and
the setting of the body at the moment a blow is landed.

Kisaki – The tip of a sword.

Maai – The distance, or interval between two facing
practitioners.

Mono-uchi – The optimal cutting segment of a sword, or the
part of the shinai that point areas must be stricken with to be
valid.  The mono-uchi is the first third of the sword length.  For
shinai, it is the first quarter of the overall length - the portion
of the shinai between the kisaki and the nakayui.

Motodachi – The person who is the receiver in paired
training where strikes and techniques are practiced.  When
taking the part of Motodachi, one must continue to work to
refine their skills  within the role of Motodachi.

Nidan waza – The technique of striking two point areas
consecutively in a single, fluid attack.

Nuki waza – The technique where a respondent of an attack
maneuvers to sidestep the attack and simultaneously execute a
counter attack.

Ohji waza – Counter attacking techniques.

Okuri-ashi – Footwork where the feet are moved in a shuffle-
step fashion to advance, retreat, or maneuver from side to side.

Otoku - (see, Kamae Otoku)

Ritsu-rei – Standing bow

Sandan waza - The technique of striking three point areas
consecutively in a single, fluid attack.

Seme - 1) To attack.  2) The physical and mental attitude of
advancing to overwhelm/attack an opponent.  3)  The act of
invading an opponent’s space to provoke a response and
reveal vulnerabilities.

Shinogi – The raised side ridges of a sword that run proximal
to the long axis of the blade.

Shomen – The center point area of the head.  The top center
of the head, as opposed to Hidarimen and Migimen (right and
left temples of the head).

Sonkyo – 1) The squatted position taken when drawing and
withdrawing the sword.  2) A formal posture taken to show
respect.

Suriage waza - The technique of maneuvering one’s sword
in an upward sweeping motion to glance an attacking sword
away from the intended target and deliver a counter attack to
the area of opportunity the deflecting action creates.

Tachiai – The position from which ritsu-rei is performed in
preparation or retirement of an interactive practice.

Taito – The holding of the bokuto or shinai on the left hip,
positioned as a sword in the sash ready for drawing.

Toki-kata – The form or process of lowering the swords to a
neutral position, allowing the practitioners to retreat.  (also
see, Kamae Otoku)

Tsubazeriai – Position where two opponents are at a close
interval with the sword guards interlocked.

Uchiotoshi waza – Also called Kiriotoshi waza, Uchiotoshi
waza is the technique of taking advantage of an opponent’s
attack by “killing their swordâ€�.  Simply described, an
opponent’s sword is batted away to stop the attack and to
also create an opening for a counterattack.  

Waza - Technique

Yokote - The vertical line formed by the intersection of the side-
plane of a sword and the plane that angles inward to form the
blade-tip.

Yokote-kôsa - The position where the sword tips are touching
with the yokote of the swords crossed.

Zanshin - Continued preparedness after executing an attack.
Mark Uchida - Copyright 2003