Executed from tsubazeriai, a response is provoked from an opponent to create a window of
opportunity.  The opportunity is seized by stepping rearward to separate from the opponent
and to strike the point area at the correct interval.
Kihon Yon (Fundamental No.4)
    Hiki waza: Tsubazeriai kara no Hiki Doh
Southwestern U.S. Kendo & Iaido Federation Web Page
All United States Kendo Federation Web Page
Back to Mushinkan Home Page
1. Kakarite takes one large step forward and executes a strike to Motodachi’s Shomen and
gives kiai: “Men�.
2. Motodachi blocks the strike with the left shinogi (side ridge) of the bokuto.
3. With the attacked blocked, both practitioners take one step forward to the tsubazeriai (locked
sword-guard) position.
4. Kakarite presses downward on Motodachi’s tsuba.  Motodachi responds by pushing
5. Feeling the upward response, Kakarite releases the downward pressure to elevate the bokuto,
takes a large step backward with the left foot, and executes a strike to Motodachi’s right
Doh - giving kiai: “Doh�.
6. Motodachi continues to elevate the arms upward after Kakarite releases from tsubazeriai.
7.  After striking the Doh, Kakarite takes two steps back - chudan is re-established upon the first
step backward.
8. Upon Kakarite’s second step, Motodachi brings the bokuto back to chudan-no-kamae and
at the same time moves back one step.
9. Both practitioners assume kamae at the yokote-kosa interval, perform toki-kata and then take
five reward steps to the tachiai position for the next practice movement.
Bokuto Ni Yoru Kendo Kihon-waza Keiko-ho
(Movements 4, 5, & 6)
Kinon Go (Fundamental No.5)
    Nuki waza: Men, Nuki Doh
Kihon Roku (Fundamental No.6)
    Suriage waza: Kote, Suriage Men
In Nuki waza, the respondent of an attack maneuvers to sidestep the attack: simultaneously the
respondent takes advantage of the aggressor ‘s commitment to their action to execute a
counter attack.
1. Motodachi takes a large step forward, simultaneously executes a strike to Kakarite’s
Shomen and gives kiai: “Men�.
2. Kakarite takes a large step forward, but slightly diagonal to the right.  At the same time,
Kakarite executes a strike to Motodachi’s right Doh and gives kiai: “Doh�.
3. While continuing to display zanshin, both practitioners pivot on the right foot to face each
other, and in the same motion step backward with the left foot to come to chudan-no-kamae.
4. Both practitioners step back to the centerline of the practice area using aiyumi-ashi.
5. Upon returning to the center, both practitioners perform toki-kata from the kohin interval and
return to the tachiai position.
Suriage waza is the technique of maneuvering one’s sword in an upward
sweeping motion to glance an attacking sword away from the intended target and
deliver a counter attack to the area of opportunity the deflecting action creates.
1. Motodachi takes a large step forward, simultaneously executes a strike to Kakarite’s Kote
and gives kiai: “Kote�.
2. Kakarite step rearward and simultaneously moves the bokuto upward in a counterclockwise
motion to brush the right side of Motodachi’s bokuto and deflect the Kote attack.
3. Kakarite steps forward and delivers a strike to Motodachi’s Men and gives kiai: “Menâ
4. Together, the practitioners take one step back and assume chudan-no-kamae at the yokote-
kosa interval, perform toki-kata, and return to the tachiai position.
Key Points:
a. The suriage and the kaburi (raising of the bokuto overhead) are executed in a
single upward motion.

b. There should be no pause between Kakarite’s reward step to deflect
Motodachi’s attack and the shift in direction forward to deliver the
Key Points:
a. When Kakarite presses downward against Motodachi’s tsuba and
Motodachi reciprocates, the pressure given by both sides is applied firmly, but
not forcibly.  Additionally, the pressuring should not be performed rapidly as a
jolting action, but calm and deliberately so each side learns to correctly read the
actions and responses of one another.

b. When blocking Kakarite’s Men attack, Motodachi must receive the
attack correctly and with the spirit of Ohji-waza (counterattacking technique).  
See, Kihon Hachi (Fundamental #8)
Key Points:
a. The step forward to evade Motodachi’s Men attack and allow the Doh
strike should be diagonally forward at about a 30 degree angle from the center
line of movement – Kakarite should complete the step with their left shoulder
just to the outside of Motodachi’s right shoulder.

b. Upon striking Motodachi’s Doh, Kakarite ‘s body should remain facing
forward, but the head should turn to maintain eye contact with the opponent.

c. After pivoting and stepping backward to re-establish chudan-no-kamae (step
#3) the interval is either at Issoku-itto-no-maai or yokote-kosa, depending on
the experience level of the practitioners.  (For less experienced practitioners, it
may be too difficult to maintain the yokote-kosa interval while returning to the
center line of the training area.)

d. There is no set number of steps governing the movement back to the
centerline to complete the practice – using natural cross-steps, taking as few
or as many steps as necessary to return to the centerline of the practice area.
Mark Uchida - Copyright 2003